According to the tale, the stimulating benefits of the coffee bean were first discovered by a goat herdsman called Kaldi, who lived on the Ethiopian plateau throughout the 9th century.
Kaldi noticed that after some of his herd had foraged on the bright red cherry of the coffee plant they seemed to have limitless energy, certainly more than the remainder of his animals. As the tale goes, this left them as well energized to drop off to sleep during the night, as their packages of power had them bounding everywhere.
A quick background
After Kaldi saw how “playful” his goats became after eating the coffee berries, he went to the local monastery to let the monks know. A monk developed a brew from the berries and managed to stay up much later praying.
News of this brand-new mixture spread right into Egypt and right into the Arabian peninsula, where coffee traveled east and west, lastly ending up in southeast Asia and the Americas. And it’s been popular since.
But if we are to follow facts only, and not legends, the oldest confirmed evidence of either coffee drinking or knowledge of the coffee tree is from the early 15th century, in the Sufi abbeys of Yemen, spreading out quickly to Mecca and Medina.
By the 16th century, it had gotten to the remainder of the Middle East, South India (Karnataka), Persia, Turkey, the Horn of Africa, and north Africa. Coffee after that infected the Balkans, Italy, and to the rest of Europe, along with Southeast Asia and regardless of the restrictions imposed throughout the 15th century by religious leaders in Mecca and Cairo, and later by the Catholic Church.
It turns out the term “coffee” originate from Arabic. The word got in the English language in 1582 via the Dutch koffie, borrowed from the Ottoman Turkish kahve, subsequently borrowed from the Arabic qahwah.
There is an even more interesting hypothesis of the origin of the word, which you can check out on Wikipedia here.
Modern Coffee History
The modern times race for convenience and productivity understood that people are “wasting” too much time brewing coffee. This is how instant coffee was developed. David Strang, a New Zealander invented it in 1889. Freeze-dried coffee was developed in 1938.
Decaffeinated coffee was developed by Ludwig Roselius in 1903, filling a need for individuals who are hypersensitive to high levels of caffeine.
Achille Gaggia invented the contemporary espresso coffee maker in 1946. The initial pump-driven coffee equipment was made in 1960.
Today coffee is still among the world’s most common drinks. Brazil is still the globe’s biggest producer of coffee.